Matching Brains with Jobs
In the last two decades, the US government and the European Union have developed skills frameworks that provide comprehensive and standardized information on various occupations, skills, and competencies. They are designed to help individuals, employers, and policymakers better understand the labor market and facilitate workforce development. In our scientific research, we have analyzed similarities and differences between jobs based on the O*NET (US) and ESCO (EU) skills frameworks. We observed that jobs differ from each other on 2 dimensions, flexible versus structured and task-oriented versus people-oriented.
The interplay of the two dimensions results in the formation of four distinct combinations, known as quadrants:
Occupations falling within this quadrant require adaptability and effective collaboration with others, with an emphasis on building and nurturing relationships. Examples include teachers and real estate agents, where the ability to adapt to different situations and foster connections is paramount.
In this quadrant, occupations demand the ability to work harmoniously with others while adhering to established protocols. Roles within general management exemplify this, involving the coordination of teams and processes, as well as the application of knowledge. Organizational and leadership skills take center stage in these positions. Occupations such as general practitioners or police inspectors align with this quadrant.
This quadrant encompasses occupations like accountants and insurance agents. The common thread among these roles is the need for effective communication and adaptability. Anticipating problems and approaching them with solution-focused thinking are essential traits in occupations within this quadrant.
Occupations falling within this quadrant include business consultants and architects. Abstract and creative thinking, coupled with the ability to follow protocols and prioritize task completion, are central to these roles. Analytical thinking forms the foundation of occupations in this quadrant.